I have my "large" image size set at 720 wide, but if one ads a caption, they get this:
Note that the right side of the image is sticking out of the div box. This happens even with the default settings on from ATA 3.5.3 (which I'm currently using). I have no other custom/funky css or styling going on.
If I pull the image size down to 700, it doesn't overrun.
[Major edit to clarify:]
It seems no matter what I put for padding the Images in Posts:Caption Style box to affect the width of the padding around the image, it never gets narrower than about 4 or 6 px, even if I set the border down to 1px.
So, there are two issues, which I'm sure are related...the overrun if pictures are big and the fact that the contents of the styling box for images in posts doesn't quite work right.